A Big Breakfast Might Help With Type-2 Diabetes Management
With the rise in obesity and the concurrent rise in type-2 diabetes, researchers have been studying ways to reduce both. Most recently, a study has been released suggesting that eating a big breakfast full of protein and fat may help manage type-2 diabetes and possibly help with weight loss.
Participants in the study included 59 obese or overweight individuals with type-2 diabetes, 21 of whom were men. For three months, half of the group was given a big breakfast high in both protein and fat that accounted for 33% of their totally daily caloric intake. The other half was given a small breakfast rich in carbohydrates that accounted for 12.5% of their daily caloric intake.
Both groups saw a similar reduction in body weight at the end of the study period. However, participants in the big breakfast group had greater reductions in blood glucose levels (HbA1c) (4.62% vs. 1.46%) and in systolic blood pressure (9.58 vs. 2.43 mmHg) compared to the small breakfast group.
Additionally, 31% of the participants in the big breakfast group were able to reduce their type-2 diabetes medication dose than in the small breakfast group, where a higher proportion of individuals actually increased their dosage.
Finally, the big breakfast group had lower hunger scores and more improvements in fasting glucose than the small breakfast group.
Researchers from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on October 29, 2013 in Obesity.
Previous studies have found that eating a protein-rich breakfast may curb hunger throughout the rest of the day. Some studies have also found that it contributes to weight loss, although the results regarding weight loss are still inconclusive.