Adenosine-Triphosphate May Boost Athletic Performance
Adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) is the source of energy for tissues, and a new study has found that ATP may help prevent exercise-induced declines in adenosine-triphosphate. The study also found that the supplement was associated with higher peak power and enhanced muscle excitability.
Participants in the study included 42 healthy men between the ages of 18 and 30 who were given either 400 mg of ATP or a placebo daily for two weeks. All of the men performed high-intensity sprinting bouts at the beginning and end of the study period. Muscle activation and excitability were measured at baseline, after supplementation and immediately following exercise.
At the conclusion of the study, the researchers noted a 30% decline in muscle excitability in sprints that were performed later in the series compared to baseline in the placebo group. No such decline was noted in the supplement group. They also noted significantly increased Wingate peak power in later sprints. The Wingate test measures peak anaerobic power and capacity.
Additionally, the supplement group showed less decline in ATP, adenosine-5-diphosphate, and adenosine-5-monophosphate two weeks after exercise, when compared with the placebo group.
Researchers from Iowa State University led the study. It was published online ahead of print on January 12, 2017, in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition.
Adenosine-triphosphate is the energy source for tissues. The human body recycles adenosine-triphosphate continuously but usually only contains about 250 mg. Previous studies have linked adenosine-triphosphate supplementation with health improvements related to kidney failure, high blood pressure, cystic fibrosis, and controlling blood pressure during surgery.
Because it is an energy source, adenosine-triphosphate is abundant in a wide range of foods. If you’re looking to increase adenosine-triphosphate in your diet, try adding more meat, fish, nuts, fruits and vegetables. If you want to make sure you’re getting the right amount, however, consider taking a high-quality supplement.