Anti-Inflammatory Diet Associated With Lower Risk of Dying Prematurely
Chronic inflammation has been linked to increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and depression. A recent study suggests that adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet may help lower the risk of dying prematurely.
Participants in the study included 68,273 Swedish men and women between the ages of 45 and 83 who were followed up for 16 years. The researchers estimated the anti-inflammatory potential of each person’s diet using the validated AIDI, which includes 11 potential anti-inflammatory and five potential pro-inflammatory foods. The anti-inflammatory foods are fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread, tea, coffee, breakfast cereal, low-fat cheese, olive oil, canola oil, nuts, chocolate, and moderate amounts of red wine and beer. The pro-inflammatory foods include unprocessed and processed red meat, organ meats, chips, and soft-drink beverages.
The researchers found that participants who most closely followed an anti-inflammatory diet had an 18% lower risk of all-cause mortality, a 20% lower risk of cardiovascular mortality, and a 13% lower risk of cancer mortality, when compared with those who didn’t follow the diet as closely. Smokers who followed the diet had even greater benefits, when compared with smokers who did not follow the diet.
Researchers from University of Life Sciences–SGGW in Poland led the study. It was published online ahead of print on September 12, 2018, in the Journal of Internal Medicine.