Arterial Stiffness Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk
The buildup of plaque in the arteries, called arterial stiffness, makes them narrower and stiffer, making it harder for blood to flow through them. A new study suggests that arterial stiffness may be associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Participants in the study included 11,156 adults who took part in the Kailuan study. Blood pressure and arterial stiffness were measured every 2 years. Participants were followed for an average of 6 years and incidences of type 2 diabetes were recorded.
The researchers found that participants with elevated arterial stiffness had a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with ideal vascular function. Participants with elevated arterial stiffness and high blood pressure were found to have the highest risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Participants with high blood pressure and normal arterial stiffness had lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with elevated arterial stiffness and those with elevated arterial stiffness and high blood pressure.
The study was conducted by researchers from Beijing Tiantan Hospital. It was published online ahead of print on May 16, 2022 in the journal Hypertension.
In a previous study, higher intake of fruits and vegetables was found to provide blood sugar benefits.