Cardiovascular Disease Linked to Increased Risk of End-Stage Kidney Disease
End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. During ESKD, the kidneys can no longer support the body’s needs. According to a new study, cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease, and stroke, are associated with an increased risk of developing ESKD.
For their study, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health used data from 9,047 individuals who participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. None of the participants had cardiovascular disease at the beginning of the study. The participants were followed for an average of 17.5 years, and all incidences of cardiovascular disease and ESKD were recorded.
The researchers found that incidences of major cardiovascular disease were associated with a higher risk of ESKD. The highest risk was seen in incidences of heart failure, with an 11.4 higher risk compared to participants without cardiovascular disease. Risk was also higher for incidences of coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, and stroke.
The study was published in the January, 2020 edition of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.