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Changes in Diet May Help Reduce Risk of Cardiovascular Death

A recent study suggests that at least half of premature cardiovascular disease deaths could be prevented by better nutrition. The study particularly highlights the importance of more whole grains.


For this study, researchers examined representative data from the Global Burden Disease Study, which was collected between 1990 and 2016. They looked at the relationship between single dietary risk factors and cardiovascular diseases in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia. They also used data from the study to estimate cardiovascular disease mortality attributable to diet and found that 2.1 million cardiovascular deaths in 2016 were associated with dietary risks.


The researchers then calculated the percentage of deaths due to single dietary risks. They found that diets low in whole grains accounted for 20.4% of cardiovascular deaths, diets low in nuts and seeds for 16.2%, diets low in fruits for 12.5%, diets high in sodium for 12.0%, and those low in seafood omega-3 fatty-acids for 10.8%.


Based on their findings, the researchers believe that approximately one in every five premature cardiovascular deaths could be prevented by modifying diet.


Researchers from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg led the study. It was published on October 9, 2018, in The Lancet.

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