Coffee Linked to Lower Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
If giving up coffee was on your New Year’s resolution list but you've fallen back to your cup or two a day, take heart. According to a study that will be published in the April 2012 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, drinking coffee does not put you at risk for heart disease but does reduce your risk of developing type-2 diabetes.
Researchers at the German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke studied data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study, which included 42,659 individuals.
The researchers collected data every 2-3 years for 9 years. Additionally, the participants filled out food frequency questionnaires at the beginning of the study. During the 9 years, they recorded 1,432 incidences of type-2 diabetes, 394 heart attacks, 310 strokes and 1,801 incidences of cancer.
No connection was found between decaffeinated or caffeinated coffee consumption and increased risk of heart attack, nor the increased risk of cancer. The researchers did find, however, that drinking up to 4 cups of caffeinated coffee daily reduced the risk of developing type-2 diabetes by 23%, while drinking the same amount of decaffeinated coffee reduced the risk by 30%.
More research is needed to determine which components of coffee are responsible for these beneficial effects, but the researchers noted that coffee is full of polyphenols and antioxidants, which have been associated with anticarcinogenic effects and improved insulin sensitivity.
Coffee has been linked with a wide range of health benefits, including a reduced risk of developing diabetes, prostate cancer, cirrhosis, liver disease and oral cavities. Additionally, many studies have also shown that people who drink coffee regularly are up to 80% less likely to develop Parkinson’s disease.