Cognitive Decline Linked to Increased Bone Loss and Fracture Risk
People lose bone mass or density as they age, especially women after menopause. A recent study has found a link between cognitive decline and a faster rate of bone loss and future fracture risk in women.
Participants in the study included 1,741 women and 620 men older than 65. They were followed for 16 years. Cognitive function was assessed at baseline, year 5, and year 10. Bone mineral density in the femoral neck area was measured at baseline, year 5, and year 10. All incidences of fracture were recorded.
The researchers found a significant link between cognitive decline and bone loss in women. They also found that cognitive decline during the first 5 years of the study was associated with a 1.7-fold increase in fracture risk during the following ten years.
The study was conducted by researchers from St. Vincent’s Hospital. It was published online ahead of print on July 20, 2021, in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.