Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods Associated With Increased Risk of Type-2 Diabetes
Ultra-processed foods tend to be mass produced packaged goods, such as sodas, packaged sweet and savory snacks, instant noodles, chicken nuggets, and frozen meals. They contain additives such as added sugar, preservatives, artificial flavors, and colors. A recent study suggests that consumption of ultra-processed foods may increase the risk of developing type-2 diabetes.
For their study, the researchers looked at data from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort, which included 104,707 participants with an average age of 43 who did not have diabetes at the beginning of the study. 24-hour consumption of over 3,500 food items was recorded by the participants every 6 months for 2 years. This data was used to assess zthe amount of ultra-processed foods each participant consumed. Development of type-2 diabetes was recorded.
The researchers found that for every 10% increase in the consumption of ultra-processed foods, the risk of developing type-2 diabetes increased by 15%. They also found that participants who consumed the highest amounts of ultra-processed foods tended to be obese and inactive, consumer more calories, and have lower quality diets.
The study was conducted by researchers from the University of São Paulo. It was published online ahead of print on December 16, 2019 in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.