Eating An Antioxidant-Rich Diet May Help Protect Against Type-2 Diabetes
Recent evidence suggests that oxidative stress may play a role in the development of Type-2 diaetes. A new study has found that eating an antioxidant-rich diet may help reduce the risk of developing type-2 diabetes in middle-aged women.
Participants in the study included 64,223 French women between the ages of 40 and 65. All of the participants were free of diabetes and heart disease at the beginning of the study, which had a 15-year follow-up period. Dietary intake was determined via questionnaire, An Italian database that provides the total antioxidant capacity of different foods was used to calculate the total antioxidant capacity of the participants’ diets.
After examining the data, the researchers determined that higher intake of antioxidants was associated with a 27% lower risk of developing type-2 diabetes. In that diet, fruit made up 23% of total antioxidant capacity, vegetables made up 19%, alcoholic beverages made up 15%, and hot beverages 12%. The researchers purposely excluded coffee, as its high antioxidant levels had the potential to skew the results.
The risk reduction benefit of higher antioxidant intake plateaued at a total antioxidant capacity of 15 millimoles/day.
Researchers from the Center of Research in Epidemiology and Population Health in France conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on November 9, 2017, in Diabetologia.
The antioxidants found in these foods have been linked with healthier looking skin, heart health benefits and healthier levels of cholesterol. This is often attributed to the ability of antioxidants to fight free radicals in the body.
Adding more of these foods to your diet can be as simple as grabbing an apple as a snack or making sure you have a fruit or vegetable at every meal. Additionally, if you’re looking to boost your antioxidant intake, consider taking a high quality supplement.