Flaxseed May Help Reduce Risk of Type-2 Diabetes
Pre-diabetic people who are also overweight or even obese are three times more likely to develop type-2 diabetes than pre-diabetic individuals of a normal weight. A recent study has found that consuming flaxseed daily may reduce the risk of developing type-2 diabetes by reducing insulin resistance.
The study included 25 pre-diabetic overweight or obese men and postmenopausal women. For 12 weeks, one third of the group took a placebo, one third took 13 g of ground flaxseed daily, and the final third took 26 g of ground flax seed daily.
A two-week washout period followed each 12-week intervention, after which the individuals participated in another intervention until each person had completed each of the three dosage levels.
At the conclusion of the study, the researchers noted that the low dose flaxseed resulted in decreases in glucose, insulin, and lower insulin resistance as measured by the homeostasis model (HOMA-IR). No such improvements were noted in the placebo or high dose group.
The researchers could not explain why the high dose group showed no changes while the low dose group did.
The study was conducted by researchers from the University of Sherbrooke in Canada. It was published online ahead of print on April 3, 2013, in Nutrition Research.
Flaxseed fiber has been associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer, improved skin health, and preventing stroke. You can increase your flaxseed intake by adding a little to your morning cereal or by taking a high quality supplement.