Fortifying More Food With Fiber Could Provide Health Benefits
It is recommended that women consume 25 grams of fiber per day and that men consume 38 grams. However, the average American adults only consumes 16 grams daily. According to scientists from the UK, fortifying more foods with fiber could help more adults achieve adequate fiber intake and provide health benefits.
The researchers used data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey to evaluate food consumption and dietary intake of fiber and calories. The data included information for 2,273 participants. The researchers also identified foods and beverages that are currently eligible for fiber enrichment based on European Union legislation.
The researchers calculated how much additional fiber would be consumed by the general population if foods such as bakery goods, dairy, soups, sauces, and confectionery were fortified. They found that enriching these foods would enable 50% more adults to get the daily recommended amount of fiber. Currently only 9% of adults get the recommended amount.
The researchers also found that fortifying more foods with fiber could reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes for 72% of the adult population. In addition, 6% of the adult population might lose weight.
The researchers also recommended that people who wish to consume more fiber should eat more nut-based butters, fiber-enriched yogurt, and reduced sugar treats with added fiber.
The study was conducted by researchers from Tate & Lyle and Creme Global. It was published online ahead of print on January 7, 2022 in the British Journal of Nutrition.
In a previous study, researchers found that increasing fiber intake may help reduce the risk of non-communicable disease.