Fruit and Vegetable Extract May Improve Skin Elasticity
Previous studies have shown that consuming even three servings more of fruits and vegetables per day can improve the appearance of skin. Now, a study has been released suggesting that this may be due to the fact that fruits and vegetables inhibit an enzyme linked to the degradation of elastin in the skin and other connective tissue.
Participants in the study included 20 healthy adults who acted as their own controls. The trial took three days. On the first day, the participants fasted and were given only 300 mL of water. They fasted again on the second day and were given 75 of glucose. Then the researchers took blood samples at 60 minutes and 120 minutes.
On the last day, the participants took 50 mg of a branded fruit and vegetable extract, then took 75 mg of glucose 15 minutes later. The researchers again took blood samples at 60 and 120 minutes.
The researchers found that taking the glucose on the second day resulted in a 175% increase in activity in Human Neutrophil Elastase (HNE). HNE is an enzyme linked to the degradation of elastin in skin. Taking the fruit and vegetable extract on day 3, however, prevented the increase in HNE. The extract did not have an effect on glucose absorption.
Researchers from Applied BioClinical Inc. in California and FutureCeuticals Inc in Illinois conducted the study. It was published on December 23, 2013, in Dovepress Journal.
There are a myriad of other reasons to eat more fruits and vegetables, as they are packed with powerful antioxidants. The antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables have been linked with better mental health, heart health benefits and healthier levels of cholesterol. This is often attributed to antioxidants and their ability to fight free radicals in the body.
Adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet can be as simple as grabbing an apple as a snack or making sure you have a fruit or vegetable at every meal.