High Blood Pressure and High Blood Sugar May be Bigger Risks than High BMI for Death
Cardio-metabolic disorders such as high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. A recent study suggests that high blood pressure and hyperglycemia are associated with a higher risk of mortality compared to obesity.
Participants in the study included 377,929 people who were age 20 or older and registered with the MJ Health Screening Center in Taiwan. The researchers found that high blood pressure was associated with an 8.57% risk of mortality, while high blood sugar was associated with a 6.49% risk. In comparison, obesity was associated with a .04% risk.
Additionally, the researchers found that the association of higher BMI and mortality differed with age. For participants under the age of 40, being overweight and obese was associated with a higher mortality risk than in people over the age of 50. Being underweight was associated with an increased risk of mortality between 51% and 74% for people over the age of 40.
Researchers from the National Health Research Institutes in Taiwan conducted the study. It was published on February 14, 2018, in BMC Public Health.