High-Fat, Low-Carb Diet May Help Improve Blood Sugar Spikes
Regulating the amount of carbohydrates you consume is an important part of blood sugar health. According to a recent study, a high-fat, low-carb breakfast may help people with type 2 diabetes avoid a high blood sugar spike following breakfast and improve blood sugar status for the next 24 hours.
The study participants included 23 people with physician-diagnosed type 2 diabetes. They ate two breakfasts on separate occasions. One of the breakfasts was high-fat and low-carb and consisted of an omelet. The second breakfast was carbohydrate heavy and consisted of oatmeal and fruit. A continuous glucose monitor was used to measure blood sugar spikes throughout the day. Participants were also asked to rate their feelings of hunger and fullness.
The researchers found that consuming the high-fat, low-carb breakfast significantly reduced postprandial hyperglycemia after breakfast – and improved glycemic control throughout the day. It also did not adversely affect glycaemia after lunch or dinner. The participants also reported that pre-meal hunger was lower before dinner on the day the high-fat, low-carb breakfast was consumed, compared to the carb-heavy breakfast.
The study was conducted by researchers from the University of British Colombia. It was published March 27, 2019 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.