High Intake of Monounsaturated Fatty Acids Associated With Decreased Risk of Hypertension
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) are healthy fats found in olive oil, avocados, and certain nuts. According to a recent study, higher intake of MUFAs may help reduce the risk of hypertension.
Participants in the study included 1,529 healthy adults who were taking part in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. None of them had hypertension at the beginning of the study. Dietary intake of MUFAs was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Participants were divided into three groups, based on MUFAs intake: 7.9 g/day, 12.2 g/day, and 18.5 g/day. Participants were followed for 4 years. Blood pressure was evaluated at baseline and biannually.
Participants with the highest intake of MUFAS were found to have the lowest systolic blood pressure, 111.8 mmHg. Participants with the lowest MUFA intake had an average systolic blood pressure of 115.1 mmHg and a higher incidence of new-onset hypertension. In addition, they had higher body fat percent and waist to hip ratio.
The study was conducted by researchers from the Korean National Institute of Health. It was published on August 16, 2019 in the journal Nutrients.