High Muscle Mass Linked to Reduced Risk of Cardiovascular Mortality
Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in the United States, but how fit you are may help determine whether or not you die from it. A recent study suggests that people with cardiovascular disease and high muscle mass and low body fat are less likely to die than those with other body compositions.
Participants in the study included 6,451 people with cardiovascular disease that took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which took place from 1999 to 2004. The participants were categorized into four groups;
- low muscle/low fat mass
- low muscle/high fat mass
- high muscle/low fat mass
- high muscle/high fat mass
The researchers found that people with high muscle mass and low fat mass had the lowest risk of cardiovascular mortality and of total mortality, when compared with the other three groups.
Researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles, conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on February 2, 2016, in The American Journal of Cardiology.
The best way to obtain high muscle mass and low body fat is through a combination of a balanced diet and regular exercise. Previous clinical studies suggest that even moderate exercise can reduce your risk of dying prematurely, help with blood sugar control, reduce body weight, improve heart health and improve respiratory health.