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Increased Consumption of Sugary Beverages Linked With Increased Risk of Type 2 Diabetes


Sugary beverages are drinks that contain added sugars or sweeteners, such as soda, sports drinks, fruit juice, and energy drinks. A new study has found that increasing consumption of sugary beverages over time may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.



The researchers used data from three long-term studies: the
Nurses' Health Study, the Nurses' Health Study II, and the Health
Professionals' Follow-up Study. These studies included 192,00 adults, and
participants were followed for an average of 24 years. Changes in sugary
beverage consumption (including sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juice)
over time were calculated based on responses to food frequency questionnaires,
which were administered every 4 years.





Increasing sugary beverage consumption by more than 4 ounces per
day over a four-year period was associated with a 16% increase in the risk of
type 2 diabetes in the following 4 years. Increasing consumption of artificially
sweetened beverages by 4 ounces per day was associated with an 18% increased
risk of type 2 diabetes. Conversely, replacing one daily serving of a sugary
beverage with water, coffee, or tea was associated with 2-10% decreased risk of
type 2 diabetes.





The study was conducted by researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan
School of Public Health. It was published online ahead of print on October 3,
2019 in the journal Diabetes
Care
.


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