Inulin Supplementation May Help Reduce Markers of Inflammation in Obese People
Inulin is a type of fiber that's found in certain plant foods. Chicory root is the main source of inulin in supplement form. A new study has found that supplementation with chicory inulin may help reduce markers of inflammation in obese people.
Participants in the study included 150 obese adults who took part in the FOOD4GUT cohort study. They were given 16 grams per day of chicory inulin or a placebo daily for 3 months. All participants were given dietary advice asked to restrict calorie intakes. Stool samples were taken at baseline and at the end of the study period and analyzed long- and short-chain fatty acids, bile acids, zonulin, and calprotectin levels.
Participants in the inulin group saw a 50% decrease in fecal calprotectin, a marker of intestinal inflammation. They also saw a significant increase in Bifidobacterium.
The study was conducted by researchers from the Université catholique de Louvain.It was published online ahead of print on February 5, 2021 in theEuropean Journal of Nutrition.