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Low-FODMAP Diet May Improve Gut Symptoms In People With Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome






FODMAP stands for 'fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols.’ In a low-FODMAP diet, people avoid foods that are high in these carbohydrates. A recent study suggests that a low-FODMAP diet may help improve gut symptoms and quality of life in people with inflammatory bowel disease.





Participants in the study included 52 people with inflammatory
bowel syndrome. All were experiencing persistent gut symptoms despite not
having any on-going gut inflammation. Half of the group followed a low-FODMAP
diet for four weeks, while the other half followed a control diet. Gut symptoms
and quality of life were assessed using questionnaires at baseline and after 4
weeks. Fecal microbiome composition and function were also assessed.





The researchers found that 52% of the participants in the low-FODMAP
diet reported sufficient relief of gut symptoms. They also had a greater reduction
in inflammatory bowel syndrome scores than those in the control diet group.
Additionally, participants in the low-FODMAP group had higher quality of life
scores at the end of the study, compared to those in the control diet group.





Participants in the low-FODMAP diet group also had significantly
lower abundance of the gut bacterium Bifidobacterium adolescentis, B
longum
, and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii. Markers of inflammation
did not differ significantly between the two groups.





The study was conducted by researchers from King’s College
London. It was published online ahead of print on October 2, 2019 in the
journal Gastroenterology.


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