Magnesium in Drinking Water May Protect Against Hip Fractures
As we age, bone mass density and muscle mass decrease, and as a result the risk of hip fracture increases substantially. However, a recent study conducted in Norway found that a high concentration of magnesium in drinking water may help provide protection against hip fractures.
Participants in the study included approximately 700,000 men and women who were followed for seven years. During that time period, there were approximately 5,500 hip fractures in the men and about 13,600 in the women.
Norway has a wide variation in the quality of drinking water. This allowed the researchers to look at the correlation between the levels of magnesium and calcium in different water sources and the number of hip fractures seen in each area.
They determined that the participants living in areas with the highest levels of magnesium had the lowest incidence of hip fracture. No association was found between calcium levels and hip fracture.
Researchers from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health conducted the study. It was published in the November 2013 issue of Bone.
Magnesium is necessary for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. Previous studies have found that higher intakes of magnesium may reduce the risk of diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure and osteoporosis.
Eating more magnesium rich foods such as green leafy vegetables, meats, starches, grains, nuts and milk is one way to increase your magnesium intake. Taking a supplement is also a good option.