Magnesium May Reduce Diabetes Risk
Researchers at the Institute of Sports Sciences in Giessen, Germany have found that magnesium may help reduce the risk of diabetes among overweight individuals. The results of their study were published in the November 2010 issue of Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.
52 overweight, insulin resistant, non-diabetic volunteers were recruited to participate in the study. They were randomly assigned to receive a daily supplement containing 365mg of magnesium or a placebo for 6 months.
At the end of the study period, the researchers observed improvements in two out of three measures of insulin sensitivity among the participants given the magnesium supplements.
This research follows a study published last year in the September 2010 issue of Diabetes Care which found that among 4,497 participants, those with the highest magnesium intake were 50% less likely to develop diabetes.
These findings are very promising, and timely, with diabetes rates skyrocketing in recent years. Estimates show that nearly 25 million Americans are currently affected by diabetes, which equates to 8% of the American population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention predict that by the year 2050, one in three U.S. adults could have diabetes.
Beyond diabetes benefits, magnesium also plays a role in over 300 biochemical reactions in the body. For this reason, it is no surprise that magnesium has also been linked to a number of other benefits including helping with bone development and reducing the risks of stroke and abnormal blood pressure.
Unfortunately, most American adults do not get the recommended daily value for magnesium, which is 320 mg for women and 420 mg for men.
A supplement is a great way to get your daily magnesium but there are also many dietary sources of magnesium such as green leafy vegetables, meats, starches, grains and nuts and milk.