Mediterranean Diet May Slow Bone Loss in People with Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break from a fall. A recent study suggests that following a Mediterranean diet may help reduce bone loss in people with osteoporosis.
Participants in the study included 1,142 people between the ages of 65 and 79 from Italy, Poland, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and France, Half of the participants followed a Mediterranean diet, while the other half acted as a control. The researchers measured bone density at the lumbar spine and the femoral neck at the beginning of the study and again after 12 months. They also took blood samples to check for circulating biomarkers.
The researchers found no correlation between the Mediterranean diet and bone density in people with normal bone density. However, they did find improvements in those who had osteoporosis. In that group, the researchers noted increased bone density in the femoral neck, which is where the shaft of the thigh bone connects to the rounded head which fits in the hip joint.
Researchers from the University of East Anglia conducted the study. It was published on May 9, 2018, in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
The Mediterranean diet is characterized by high amounts of vegetables, legumes, cereals, fish, fruits and nuts, healthy mono-saturated fats such as olive oil, low amounts of saturated fats, moderate alcohol intake, and low intake of meat and dairy products.