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Moderate Muscle Strength May Lower Risk of Type 2 Diabetes


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
approximately 100 million adults in the United States are living with diabetes
or prediabetes. Without significant changes, as many as 30% of people with
prediabetes may go on to develop type 2 diabetes. A new study has found that
building muscle strength may lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by
32%.





The study included 4,681 adults between the ages of 20 and 100
who did not have type 2 diabetes at the beginning of the study. The participants
underwent muscular strength tests and maximal treadmill exercise tests at baseline
and at follow up exams to measure muscle strength. Participants were categorized
into lower, middle, and upper tiers based on their combined muscle strength
score.





During a mean follow-up of 8.3 years, 4.9% of the participants developed
type 2 diabetes. Participants in the middle category of muscular strength had a
32% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared to those in the lower
category. These results held after adjusting for smoking, drinking, obesity,
and high blood pressure. Higher levels of muscle strength did not provide
additional protection, compared to the middle level.





The study was conducted by researchers from Iowa State
University, the University of South Carolina, and the Pennington Biomedical
Research Center. It was published online ahead of print on March 11, 2019 in
the journal Mayo
Clinic Proceedings
.


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