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Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis Before the Age of 40 May Increase Risk of Cardiovascular Disease


Heart disease is the number one killer among people with type 2
diabetes. A new study suggests that people who are diagnosed with type 2
diabetes when they are under the age of 40 have an increased risk of
cardiovascular disease, compared to people of similar age who do not have
diabetes.





Everyone with type 2 diabetes who was registered in the Swedish
National Diabetes Registry between 1998 and 2012 was included in the study, as
well as controls who were randomly selected from the general population. In
total, 316,063 participants with type 2 diabetes and 1.6 million controls were
included. Participants were followed from 1998 to 2013 for cardiovascular
disease outcomes, and until 2014 for mortality. The researchers also analyzed
life expectancy by age of diagnosis.





The researchers found that people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes
before the age of 40 had the greatest risk for stroke, heart attack, heart
failure, atrial fibrillation, and death. Women diagnosed under the age of 40
had a greater risk than men. In addition, people who were diagnosed with type 2
diabetes after the age of 80 had significantly less risk of cardiovascular
events. The risk was similar to those of the same age who did not have
diabetes.





The study was conducted by researchers from the University of
Glasgow and the University of Gothenburg. It was published on April 8, 2019 in the
journal Circulation.


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