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Probiotic Supplement Linked to Decrease in Migraine Attacks

Probiotic Supplement Linked to Decrease in Migraine Attacks

Migraines are headaches whose symptoms include sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. A new study has found that taking a probiotic supplement may decrease migraine attacks and migraine intensity.

Participants in the study included 39 people who suffer from chronic migraines and 40 who suffer from episodic migraines. Half of them took a probiotic supplement and the other half took a placebo. The supplement contained 14 strains, including Bacillus subtilis, Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Lactococcuslactis, and Stretpcoccus thermophilus.Participants used a diary to record drugs consumed, migraine days, frequency and duration of attacks. Migraine severity was assessed by visual analog scale.

Participants in the probiotic group saw a significant decrease in migraine attacks: 45% in the chronic migraine group and 40% in the episodic migraine group. No change was seen in the placebo group. Migraine intensity was also improved in the probiotic groups: 31% in the chronic migraine group and 29% in the episodic migraine group. The use of drugs taken to manage migraines was also significantly reduced in the probiotic group, compared to the placebo group.

Researchers from Tehran University of Medical Sciences conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print January 8, 2019, in the journal Cephalalgia.
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