Probiotics May Lower the Risk of Dental Implant Complications
When people get dental implants, they are at risk of developing an inflammatory condition called peri-implant mucositis. This can develop into peri-implantitis in their gums and may result in surgery or replacement of the implants. A recent study suggests that taking supplements of the oral probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri Prodentis may lower the risk of the complications associated with dental implants.
Participants in the study included 34 people with dental implants. Half of them did not have peri-implant disease and half had had peri-implant mucositis in one or more implants. Both groups took one tablet of the probiotic every 24 hours for 30 days. After a 6- month washout period, all of the participants followed the same cycle with a placebo.
At the conclusion of the study, both groups showed improvements in the clinical parameters, including reductions in cytokine, which is a marker of inflammation. No similar effects were noted after the placebo.
Researchers from the Valencia Medical and Dental School conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on February 25, 2015, in the Journal of Periodontal Research.
Lactobacillus reuteri is a specific strain of probiotic that previous studies have linked with improved symptoms of diarrhea, improved symptoms of urinary tract infections and a lower risk of ulcers.