Resveratrol Shows Potential For Managing Diabetes Related Complications
Diabetics often have issues with weight gain and oxidative stress along with high blood glucose and insulin levels. Two recent studies suggest that supplementing standard anti-diabetic treatment with resveratrol may improve these vascular risk factors as well as lower blood glucose and insulin, subsequently improving quality of life for type-2 diabetics.
Resveratrol is a polyphenol and anti-fungal antioxidant found in grapes and red wine.
Participants in the first study included 58 individuals with type-2 diabetes who took either oral hypoglycemic agents or 250 g of resveratrol per day and oral hypoglycemic agents over the course of six months.
At the conclusion of the study, participants in the supplement group had significant reductions in body weight, BMI, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and triglyceride. They also had a small decrease in fasting blood glucose levels, which, while not statistically significant, could be beneficial in controlling long term complications.
In the second study, participants included 66 patients with type-2 diabetes. Over the course of 45 days, participants continued to take their existing antidiabetic medications. Half of the group also took 1 g daily of resveratrol while the other half took a placebo.
At the conclusion of the study, the researchers found that the supplement group had significantly lower blood glucose and insulin levels. The control group actually saw an increase in glucose levels and no change in insulin levels.
The first study was conducted by researchers at The JSS University in India and was accepted on August 8, 2013, by the International Research Journal of Pharmacy. Researchers from the University of Medical Sciences in Iran conducted the second study. It was accepted on July 25, 2013, by Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
Previous studies have found that resveratrol prevents eases inflammation and reduces the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.
The best dietary source of resveratrol is red wine, but it can also be found in grapes and other fruits. Try adding fruit to yogurt or oatmeal for a heart healthy breakfast or consider having fruit with a little brown sugar or honey for dessert.