Spanish Black Radish May Help With Liver Detoxification of Pain Relievers
Acetaminophen is a common pain reliever but too much can cause toxicity to build up in the body. A recent study suggests that Spanish black radish supplements may help enhance liver enzymes that aid in the detoxification of pain relievers.
Participants in the study included 20 healthy young men, 19 of whom completed the study. The researchers gave the men a 1000 mg dose of acetaminophen in the form of Tylenol Extra Strength at the beginning of the study. They then gave them a black radish supplement containing 2220 mg of black radish, 92 mg camu camu, 111.66 mg accrual, honey, manioc root, and calcium stearate daily for three weeks.
Four weeks after the first acetaminophen dose was given, the men were given a second, equal dose.
The researchers measured levels of un-metabolized acetaminophen after the first and second doses of acetaminophen. They found a decrease of 40% in the second measurement when compared with the first, as well as a 9% decrease of the acetaminophen glucuronide metabolite.
They also found an increase of urine levels of the acetaminophen sulfate and mercapturate metabolites from 11% to 37% when comparing the first and final measurements, signifying that the body was excreting more of the acetaminophen.
Researchers from KGK Synergies and Standard Process conducted the study. It was published on December 9, 2014, in BMC Complementary & Alternative Medicine.
Spanish black radish is a cruciferous vegetable in the same family as brussel sprouts, spinach, kale, and cabbage. Previous studies suggest that it may help with gallstones, improving blood lipids, improving intestinal health, and protection against bone marrow toxicity.
Spanish black radish can be eaten raw or cooked but it is known to have a strong, peppery flavor that can be toned down by peeling and cooking.