Study Suggests Men and Women May Need Different Nutrients for Mental Wellbeing
Men and women may need different diets to feel their best mentally. A recent study suggests that women may need more polyphenols, omega-3s, and folate in their diets than men in order to have better emotional wellbeing.
Participants in the study included 563 people, approximately half of whom were women and half of whom were men. The researchers conducted an anonymous survey via social media that included questions about dietary and nutrient consumption patterns. They were especially interested in foods that have been linked with mental activity and looked at average weekly servings of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, meat, beans, nuts, dairy, fish, and high glycemic index foods. Additionally, they assessed use of multivitamins and fish oil supplements, as well as fast food and caffeinated beverage consumption.
The researchers found that mental distress in men was associated with consuming a Western diet. They also found that men were more likely to experience mental wellbeing until they started to experience nutritional deficiencies.
Mental wellbeing in women was associated with consuming a Mediterranean diet. However, women were less likely to experience mental wellbeing until a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle are followed.
Researchers from Binghamton University conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on July 20, 2018, in Nutritional Neuroscience.