Time Restricted Eating May Help Improve Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors
Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These risk factors are increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, low levels of good cholesterol, and high triglyceride levels. A new study has found that following a 10-hour time restricted eating intervention may help people with metabolic syndrome reduce weight, decrease waist circumference, improve blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and improve fasting glucose levels.
Nineteen people with metabolic syndrome participated in the study. All of them reported eating during a time window of 14 or more hours per day at the beginning of the study. In addition, 84% of them were taking at least one statin or antihypertensive medication, most were obese, and approximately 65% elevated fasting glucose levels. They all followed the 10-hour time restricted eating intervention for 3 months.
At the end of the study period, participants had lost an average of 7.4 pounds, as well as seeing significant reductions in BMI and waist circumference. Total cholesterol decreased by approximately 7%, and LDL cholesterol by 11%. Systolic blood pressure decreased by 4 and diastolic blood pressure decreased by 8%. In addition, fasting glucose levels improved.
The study was conducted by researchers from the Salk Institute and the UC San Diego School of Medicine. It was published online ahead of print on December 5, 2019 in the journal Cell Metabolism.