A Vegetable-Rich Diet Could Reduce Risk of Diabetes
Your mom was right when she told you how important it is to eat your vegetables. A study by researchers at the Institute of Metabolic Science at Addenbrooke's Hospital in the UK has found an association between vegetable consumption and a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The results of the study were published n April 3, 2012, in the journal Diabetes Care.
The researchers examined data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk study, which included 3,704 participants. They looked at the incidence of type-2 diabetes over the course of 11 years. Participants in the study completed a 7 day prospective food diary, and this data was used to calculate the number and quantity of different items consumed in a 1 week period.
The highest intake of fruits and vegetables was associated with a 21% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to the lowest intake. However, when the researchers analyzed the data for fruits and vegetables separately, they found that in increased intake of vegetables was associated with a lower risk, but not increased intake of fruit.
Additionally, greater variety in the types of vegetables and fruits consumed resulted in a lower risk of type-2 diabetes. Based on their findings, the researchers suggest consuming a greater quantity of vegetables and a greater variety of both vegetables and fruit.
Whether or not you believe yourself to be at risk for diabetes, vegetables are an essential part of a healthy lifestyle. Vegetable consumption has been linked in previous studies to lower blood pressure, improved vision, lower cholesterol and a reduced risk of breast cancer.