Vitamin D3 and Calcium Shown to Reduce Hip Fracture Risk
Hip fractures are a common injury in mature adults and can lead to long periods of bed rest and sometimes even death. A recent, large-scale study suggests that taking supplements of vitamin D3 and calcium may reduce the risk of hip fracture in postmenopausal women by 38%.
The study used data collected from the Women's Health Initiative, which included 36,282 postmenopausal women. For an average of seven years, half of the group took 1,000 mg of elemental calcium carbonate plus 400 IU of vitamin D3 a day, while the other half took a placebo.
Only 59% of the participants adhered to the supplementation program. For those women, the risk of hip fracture was 29% lower.
Further analysis has found that the risk of hip fracture was 38% lower among women not taking supplements at the start of the study, compared to the placebo group.
The study was published in the February 13, 2013, issue of Osteoporosis.
Calcium is a mineral that is essential for bone strength. A lack of calcium can lead to osteoporosis, a serious health issue characterized by low bone mass which leads to an increased risk of fractures. Vitamin D3 aids in calcium break down and absorption. Several studies have also suggested that calcium and vitamin D may play a role in the regulation of abdominal fat mass.
Consumption of vitamin D3 has been linked to reducing the risk of osteoporosis and high blood pressure in mature adults, improving kidney health, reducing the risk of skin cancer, improving cardiovascular health, combating diabetes, and improving age related eye degeneration.