Vitamin D Plus Exercise May Help Improve Health of Women With Diabetes
Maintaining a healthy weight and BMI - as well as healthy blood lipids - is essential for people with diabetes. A recent study suggests that a combination of vitamin D and circuit training may help mature women with type-2 diabetes trim belly fat and improve blood lipid profiles.
Participants in the study included 52 women with type-2 diabetes and vitamin D deficiency. Over the course of 12 weeks they participated in one of four daily interventions:
1. control - no supplements and no exercise regimen;
2. circuit training only;
3. 1,200 IU vitamin D supplementation;
4. circuit training plus 1,200 IU vitamin D supplementation.
At the conclusion of the study, the researchers noted that the control and vitamin D only groups did not have any changes in body weight, fat mass, percent of body fat, or BMI. However, both of the training groups had reductions in all of those areas as well as improvements in total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL and HDL cholesterol levels.
The vitamin D plus training group had the biggest improvements in all categories. For example, the vitamin D plus training group lost an average 2.7 pounds, compared to 2.5 pounds for the training group, 1.4 pounds for the vitamin D only group and .5 pounds for the control group.
Total cholesterol in the vitamin D plus training group was reduced by an average of 12.48%, compared to 7.36% in the training only group, 2.24% in the vitamin D only group and 3.47% in the control group. Additionally, LDL (“bad”) cholesterol was reduced by 8.65%, compared to a reduction of 8.65% in the training only group, an increase of 3.3% in the vitamin D group and an increase of 6.37 in the control group.
Researchers from Kyung Hee University in Korea conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on August 26, 2014, in the Journal of Exercise Nutrition and Biochemistry.
Previous studies have associated vitamin D with reducing the risk of skin damage, reducing the risk of osteoporosis, combating diabetes, and improving age related macular degeneration.
Vitamin D can be found in milk, fortified cereals, fish, and eggs. Your body also processes vitamin D from the sun but it becomes harder for our bodies to process it as we age. A high quality vitamin D supplement is always a good option if you feel that you’re not getting enough through diet and sun.