When people get dental implants, they are at risk of developing an inflammatory condition called peri-implant mucositis.This can develop into peri-implantitis in their gums and may result in surgery or replacement of the implants. A recent study suggests that taking supplements of the oral probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri Prodentis may lower the risk of the complications associated with dental implants.
Participants in the study included 34 people with dental implants.Half of them did not have peri-implant disease and half had had peri-implant mucositis in one or more implants. Both groups took one tablet of the probiotic every 24 hours for 30 days. After a 6- month washout period, all of the participants followed the same cycle with a placebo.
At the conclusion of the study, both groups showed improvements in the clinical parameters, including reductions in cytokine, which is a marker of inflammation. No similar effects were noted after the placebo.
Researchers from the Valencia Medical and Dental School conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on February 25, 2015, in the Journal of Periodontal Research.
Lactobacillus reuteri is a specific strain of probiotic that previous studies have linked with improved symptoms of diarrhea, improved symptoms of urinary tract infections and a lower risk of ulcers.
Systemic inflammation is common in individuals who are overweight or obese and has been linked with higher risk of chronic disease. A recent study suggests that taking glucosamine hydrochloride and chondroitin sulfate may reduce levels of the inflammation biomarker C-reactive protein in overweight people.
Participants in the study included 18 otherwise healthy overweight men and women who were given either 1,500 mg of glucosamine hydrochloride and 1,200 mg chondroitin sulfate or a placebo daily for 28 days. At the conclusion of the study, the researchers found that the supplement group had a 23% reduction in C-reactive protein when compared with the placebo.
Researchers from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Harvard School of Public Health, and Vanderbilt University conducted the study. It was published on February 26, 2015, in PLoS ONE.
Glucosamine is produced naturally in the body and helps with joint function. Glucosamine supplements have been found to help with osteoarthritis, reducing joint pain and improving joint function.
Chondroitin is found in and around the cells of cartilage, and provides cartilage with strength and resilience. Previous research has found that chondroitin may help ease the pain of arthritis and osteoporosis, lower cholesterol and possibly help with ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease.