DHA May Relieve Inflammation Better than EPA
There are two types of omega-3 fatty acids found in fish: DHA and EPA. A recent study suggest that DHA may have stronger anti-inflammatory effects than EPA.
Participants in the study included 48 men and 106 women who were give either 2.7 grams of EPA, 2.7 grams of DHA, or corn oil as a control daily for 10 weeks. At the conclusion of the study, the DHA group had significantly lower levels of interleukin-18, which is a marker of inflammation, when compared with the EPA group and the control. There were no significant differences in CRP, IL-6, or tumor necrosis factor-alpha, which are also markers of inflammation.
The DHA group also had greater reductions in total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio and triglycerides when compared with the EPA group, as well as higher increases in HDL. Men in the DHA group had significant increases in LDL cholesterol when compared with men in the EPA group, but no similar increases were noted for women
Researchers from the Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, University of Hospital Center of Quebec Research Center, Laval University, and Quebec Heart and Lung Institute conducted the study. It was published online ahead of print on June 8, 2016, in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Omega-3s have been linked to a number of health benefits, including improved mood, improved joint mobility, reducing the risk of age related macular degeneration, and aiding your immune system.
Because omega-3 fatty-acids are not found naturally in the human body, it is especially important to make sure that they are a part of your daily diet. Oily, dark fish such as tuna and salmon are high in omega-3s. For people who don’t like fish, consider taking a daily high quality non-fish supplement that has been tested for purity and potency.