Dosage of Omega-3s Needed to Reduce Triglyceride Levels Identified
High blood levels of triglycerides are associated with atherosclerosis and a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Multiple studies have suggested that omega-3 fatty acids may help lower triglyceride levels. A recent review of a number of those studies has determined that at least 2 grams daily of the omega-3s DHA and EPA are needed in order to have a significant effect on triglyceride levels.
The researchers found that the optimal dosage to lower triglyceride levels was 3-4 grams per day of both EPA and DHA. They also found that taking less than 1 gram resulted in little to no effect on triglyceride levels.
The recommended dietary intake of EPA and/or DHA is 200-500 mg per day. When that dosage was taken, fasting serum triglyceride levels were only reduced by 3.1% to 7.2%. In contrast, when people consumed 3-4 grams per day, levels were reduced by 25-35% up to 45%.
The most significant changes (45%) were noted in individuals with severely elevated blood levels of triglycerides (500 mg/dl or greater).
The researchers also found that the optimal doses of omega-3s reduced LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and increased HDL (“good”) cholesterol.
The study was conducted by researchers with the Center for the Study of Atherosclerosis at Bassini Hospital in Italy. It was published online ahead of print on July 12, 2013, in the International Journal of Cardiology.
Omega-3s have been linked to a number of health benefits, including alleviating arthritis pain, better moods, improved joint mobility, helping with age related macular degeneration, and aiding your immune system.
Because omega-3 fatty-acids are not found naturally in the human body, it is especially important to make sure that they are a part of your daily diet. Oily, dark fish such as tuna and salmon are high in DHA and EPA omega-3s.