Indian Gooseberry Extract Shown to Improve Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels
Dyslipidemia, or high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, is a risk factor for coronary disease. A new study has found that Indian gooseberry extract may help improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Participants in the study included 98 men and women between the ages of 30 and 65. All of them had abnormally high levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. The participants were randomly assigned to consume a capsule containing 500 mg of Indian gooseberry or a placebo twice daily for 12 weeks. The researchers measured total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels at baseline, day 28, day 56, and day 84. The participants were also given guidance on eating a healthy diet and exercising at least 4 times per week.
At the end of the study, 73% of the participants in the Indian gooseberry group had significantly lower levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, compared to baseline. The average decrease in total cholesterol was 23% in the supplement group compared to 6% in the placebo group. 89% of the supplement group had a reduction in triglyceride levels. The average decrease in the supplement group was 34% compared to 15% in the placebo group. Lipoproteins believed to help prevent fatty plaques in the arteries were maintained at optimum levels in the supplement group.
The study was conducted by researchers from Baylor University Medical Center. It was published online ahead of print on January 22, 2019 in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine.