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Mango Leaf Extract and Luteolin Linked to Enhanced Sprint Performance

Muscles are supplied with oxygen at three times the amount during exercise compared to when at rest. A new study suggests that supplementation with mango leaf extract and luteolin may enhance sprint performance by allowing a higher muscle extraction of oxygen.

Twelve physically active men participated in the study. The participants were divided into two groups; one group took the supplement while the other took a placebo. In the supplement group, half of the participants took a peanut husk extract containing 95% luteolin and 100 mg of mango leaf extract every 8 hours for 15 days. The other half of the supplement group took a peanut husk extract containing 95% luteolin and 300 mg of mango leaf extract.

The participants performed incremental exercise to exhaustion, followed by sprint and endurance exercise after 48 hours of supplementation, and again after 15 days of supplementation. Following a 3-4-week washout period, the participants switched interventions.

During sprint exercise, participants in the supplement group had enhanced exercise performance, facilitated muscle oxygen extraction, and improved brain oxygenation. Instantaneous peak power was enhanced by 22% in the supplement group, between the first 48 hours of supplementation and 15 days of supplementation. No significant difference was seen between the high and low mango leaf extract groups.

In addition, the mean power output developed during the first 5 seconds of the sprints increased by 23% from 48 hours to 15 days in the supplement group. No significant changes were seen in the placebo group.

The study was conducted by researchers from the University of Las Palmas, the University of Alcalá, and Nektium Pharma. It was published online ahead of print February 6, 2019, in the journal Nutrients.
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