Rye Bread Fortified With Plant Sterols May Significantly Reduce Cholesterol
According to researchers at the University of Finland, adding plant sterols to high fiber rye bread may help reduce cholesterol. The findings of their study were published in the January 2010 issue of Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease.
For the study 68 participants were randomly assigned to receive either a rye bread with added plant sterols (in either 2 grams per day or 4 grams per day) or one without any plant sterol (control group) for two weeks.
The researchers found that 2 grams of plant sterols resulted in an 8.1% reduction in LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. Increasing the plant sterols dose to 4 grams reduced cholesterol by over 10%. Conversely, rye bread alone had no effect on cholesterol levels.
Plant sterols have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels in previous studies. These new findings suggest that rye bread may be an effective carrier of these beneficial compounds.
If you are looking for ways to reduce cholesterol, there are a number of other natural ways to accomplish this. Diet is one of the most important factors for controlling cholesterol and one diet in particular, the Mediterranean diet, has been shown to be extremely effective.
The Mediterranean diet is typical of people who live in the European countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The diet is rich in vegetables, legumes, fruits, whole grains and healthy oils.
Other natural ways to reduce cholesterol levels include eating foods higher in fiber and lower in saturated fat, using replacements for butter like rapeseed oil and maintaining a healthy weight.