Supplement-Enriched Cookies May Reduce Malnutrition in Mature Adults
Mature adults, particularly those with dental problems, often struggle with malnutrition. A recent study suggests that solid oral supplements in the form of fortified cookies may help improve health outcomes and lower healthcare costs in mature adults who are at risk of malnutrition.
Participants in the study included 175 malnourished people who were living in seven different institutions who were given a fortified cookie daily for 18 weeks. During that time period, the researchers noted a reduction in bedsores, diarrhea, falls, and infections.
The researchers calculated that these reductions also resulted in a reduction of costs ranging from $1.83 to $2.99 per day, mainly attributed to the reduction in falls. Supplementation also resulted in a 30-minute daily reduction in working time of the nursing staff.
Researchers from the University of Côte-d’Azur led the study. It was published in the July 2017 issue of European Geriatric Medicine.
Oral nutritional supplements are multi-nutrient liquid, semi-solid or powder products that provide macronutrients and micronutrients aimed at increasing nutritional intake. Studies have shown that when used in the treatment of disease-related malnutrition, oral nutritional supplements may reduce infections, improve well-being and activities of daily living and reduce the number of pressure ulcers and poorly healing wounds.